Designing An Elevated Floor For A Forklift
The ow n e r d e s i g n e r and the builder should all be invo l v ed in this critical decision matching the ow n e r s needs with the quality leve l the contractor can deliver at an affordable price.
Designing an elevated floor for a forklift. If the forklift is disabled and the forks cannot be lowered to the floor follow proper lockout tagout procedures. A wooden pallet elevated by a forklift. I d add two things.
The floor must support the tires so they dont go thru 3 4 ply with 4 inch slab over h joist at 12inch centers the beam that supports the floor must support the live load of the car or truck a truck weighs around 7000 lbs a car can weigh as much design for 140000 lbs with a uniform 40 lbs an that will do. Selecting slab thickness from a design chart. 29 cfr 1910 147 do not allow anyone to stand or pass under the forks.
It was common practice for warehouse workers to place one foot or both feet on a pallet and move inventory on the top shelf see figure 1 while a coworker. Flatness standards for the floor must still be set. Instead of just the total weight of the forklift it would be nice to know the weight distribution over each wheel and how the wheel contact area changes as the load on the forklift increases.
Tilt the mast forward slightly and lower the forks to the floor until the fork tips touch the floor. With the weight of the forklift and the contact area of the wheels you can get an average pressure. The warehouse inventory was stored on steel storage racks with the highest shelves about eight feet above the concrete floor.
A ramp slope or incline is defined as an angle that exceeds 10 or approximately one foot rise for every ten feet of ramp or incline. The irc says that floors must deflect no more than 1 360 of the floor s span. I do not have access to finite element software.
Denis is right on. Osha 1910 178 n 7 addresses regulations for forklift ramps slopes or inclines that must be followed any time a powered industrial truck is on a defined incline. Codes also specify how much floors are allowed to bend under load a measurement called a deflection limit.
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